Republicanism in france

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How is France on its Fifth Republic? (Short Animated Documentary)


The formal title for France today is the Fifth French Republic and given that most nations have only had one period of republicanism (or maybe two), how has France managed to have five? To find out watch this short and simple animated history documentary. 🤍 Patreon: 🤍 Merch: 🤍 A special thanks to all of these Patrons below, without whom the show wouldn't be possible: João Santos Nice Merge Prin Soare Franco La Bruna Can’t Think Of A Name Kevin Phoenix Micky Landen Richard Wolfe Jonas sharpie660 Stefan Møller Anon Porkmeister Philip Alexander Wolf David archaeologist D. Mahlik Ian Jensen SirAlpaka Dragan Chris Fatta Qi Xiao Dexter_McAaron Rod D. Martin Ainar Garipov Andrew Niedbala Ryan Haber John Garcia Nathan Perlman Andrew Patane Paul McGee Heytun Christopher S Nelson Bernardo Santos Jane Sumpter Christopher Godfrey Erik Martin Joooooshhhhh Chris Dolan Yick Chung SkyEye Shaun Pullin Chris Hall Tristan Kreller Perry Gagne James Bisonette Fan #1 Henry Rabung Danny Ansteht Magdalena Reinberg-Leibel bas mensink Alen I’m Not In The Description Noremac_Cameron jdk I’m not in the description either Mark Ploegstra Cap Vilelmus_veliki William Wold Blake Dryad Liam Gilleece Sytze de Witte Alteredcorgi Luke Robinson FF Nelly Chach Jeffrey Schneider JAY ALAN ENDELMAN Ciege Engine Haydn Noble Chrisaztec Kinfe85 TooMuchWaterYouDie HelloAgainThere Josh Cornelius MrPalomino Colm Boyle Alex Adorno Warren Rudkin Matthew Hogan Piotr Wojnowski Gabriel Lunde Mohd Björn Wittmann Big Nick Colin Steele Nick Finan Konstantin Bredyuk Arthur Hosey Jr. Dakota Brunell Pierre Le Mouel Richard Manklow Steve Bonds Jamal Omar Donald Weaver Cealen Hadwin Seth Reeves Christine Purvis

French Pension reform fury takes violent turn • FRANCE 24 English


First, the personnel in charge of rolling out the red carpet went on strike, and then the unions invited everyone to show up at the Palace of Versailles, then protesters torched the entrance to Bordeaux City Hall, Bordeaux where King Charles was due to debut his first state visit abroad as monarch. His hosts throwing in the towel and announcing the postponement of the royal trip ##FRENCHPENSION ##ISRAELJUDICIALREFORM ##TIKTOK 🔔 Subscribe to France 24 now: 🤍 🔴 LIVE - Watch FRANCE 24 English 24/7 here: 🤍 🌍 Read the latest International News and Top Stories: 🤍 Like us on Facebook: 🤍 Follow us on Twitter: 🤍 Discover the news in pictures on Instagram: 🤍

Revolutions of 1848 in France (Part 2 of 5)


🤍 In the second part of my lecture on the Revolutions of 1848, I focus on the French Revolution of 1848, where the French overthrew the "Citizen King," Louis Philippe, and established a short-lived Second Republic under the leadership of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte. After he was term-limited by the Second Republic's constitution, Louis Napoleon staged a coup d'etat and established the Second French Empire with himself as emperor. It appears that the Napoleonic apple doesn't fall far from the tree! Check out my AP European History Review Playlist: 🤍

The French Revolution In A Nutshell


Make France Great Again. What led the French to revolt and let heads roll? In today's animated educational cartoon we go back to the beginnings of the French Revolution and what was left of France in the aftermath. 🎬 MAKE VIDEOS LIKE OURS We use Envato Elements for vectors, templates, music and other things ► 🤍 For software I use Adobe Creative Cloud (After Effects & Illustrator), You can get it from here 🤍 🔔 SUBSCRIBE TO US ► 🤍 🔖 MY SOCIAL PAGES DISCORD ►🤍 Facebook ► 🤍 Twitter ► 🤍 💭 SUGGEST A TOPIC 🤍 📝 SOURCES: 🤍

Spain: Another Country Trying To Restore Democracy


The United States isn't the only nation in a democratic crisis. Stephen examines Catalonia's decision to declare independence from Spain. Subscribe To "The Late Show" Channel HERE: 🤍 For more content from "The Late Show with Stephen Colbert", click HERE: 🤍 Watch full episodes of "The Late Show" HERE: 🤍 Like "The Late Show" on Facebook HERE: 🤍 Follow "The Late Show" on Twitter HERE: 🤍 Follow "The Late Show" on Google+ HERE: 🤍 Follow "The Late Show" on Instagram HERE: 🤍 Follow "The Late Show" on Tumblr HERE: 🤍 Watch The Late Show with Stephen Colbert weeknights at 11:35 PM ET/10:35 PM CT. Only on CBS. Get the CBS app for iPhone & iPad! Click HERE: 🤍 Get new episodes of shows you love across devices the next day, stream live TV, and watch full seasons of CBS fan favorites anytime, anywhere with CBS All Access. Try it free! 🤍 - The Late Show with Stephen Colbert is the premier late night talk show on CBS, airing at 11:35pm EST, streaming online via CBS All Access, and delivered to the International Space Station on a USB drive taped to a weather balloon. Every night, viewers can expect: Comedy, humor, funny moments, witty interviews, celebrities, famous people, movie stars, bits, humorous celebrities doing bits, funny celebs, big group photos of every star from Hollywood, even the reclusive ones, plus also jokes.

19. Emergence of Republicanism and the Massacre at the Champs de Mars


Perhaps it was fitting that a field dedicated to the Roman God of war, should run red with blood... All pictures from Wikimedia Creative Commons - A Social History of France (2004) - Peter McPhee - Liberty or Death (2016) - Peter McPhee - The French Revolution (1980) - Christopher Hibbert - The Life of Louis XVI (2016) - John Hardman - Marie Antoinette (2001) - Antonia Fraser

The French and Indian War Explained | History


The French and Indian War saw two European imperialists go head-to-head over territory and marked the debut of the soldier who would become America's first president. Subscribe for more from other great HISTORY shows: 🤍 Check out exclusive HISTORY content: History Newsletter: 🤍 Website - 🤍 Facebook - 🤍 Twitter - 🤍 HISTORY® is the leading destination for award-winning original series and specials that connect viewers with history in an informative, immersive, and entertaining manner across all platforms. The network’s all-original programming slate features a roster of hit series, premium documentaries, and scripted event programming.

Philip Pettit: Neo-republicanism and Neo-liberalism


November 3, 2017 Philip Pettit: Neo-liberalism and Neo-republicanism 🤍

The Republic's Dissident Youth: Ireland's Young Warriors


Earlier this year, VICE News filmed with a republican youth movement in Ireland called Na Fianna Éireann (“Warriors of Ireland” in English), a small group of around 30 boys considered to be hardline dissidents. They support a violent IRA splinter group known as the Continuity IRA, and believe that a renewed armed struggle is needed to free Ireland from British occupation in the North. Considered “junior terrorists” by some, the Na Fianna sees itself simply as Ireland’s true republican boy scouts, training with the main aim of being ready for a new resistance — a fight that they believe is inevitable. VICE News followed Na Fianna members as they carried out "bush training" in the mountains, and attended their Easter Rising march through Dublin, to get an idea of what the young face of dissident republicanism looks like, in an age where support for political violence in Ireland has all but ended. Watch "Abortion Rights in Ireland" - 🤍 Read "'Experts of Our Own Identity': Trans People Can Choose Their Legal Gender in Ireland Now" - 🤍 Subscribe to VICE News here: 🤍 Check out VICE News for more: 🤍 Follow VICE News here: Facebook: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Tumblr: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 More videos from the VICE network: 🤍

Modern France (Lecture 3): The Restoration Period


HS1605: History of Modern France Lecture 3: The Restoration Period This video is for educational purposes only

Maximilien Robespierre: The Reign of Terror


Maximilien Robespierre promised to usher a fairer, more representative form of government to the French people. What they got was a reign of terror that saw thousands facing the horror of the guillotine. →Subscribe for new videos every Monday and Thursday! 🤍 Visit our companion website for more: 🤍 Credits: Host - Simon Whistler Author - Steve Theunissen Producer - Jack Cole Executive Producer - Shell Harris Business inquiries to🤍 Other Biographics Videos: Joseph Stalin: The Red Terror 🤍 Winston Churchill Biography: In the Darkest Hour 🤍

Une vraie doctrine de la liberté ? Le néo-républicanisme / Politikon #16


Dans cet épisode, on parle d'une manière à la fois ancienne et renouvelée de penser la liberté pour favoriser la justice sociale. /Bibliographie/ Bourdeau Vincent, « Un républicanisme rénové », Revue du MAUSS permanente, 27 novembre 2007 [En ligne] URL : 🤍 Laborde Cécile, Français, encore un effort pour être républicain, Paris, Le Seuil, 2010. Le Goff Alice, « Le néo-républicanisme : enjeux éthiques, sociaux et politiques », Implications Philosophiques, 2012 [En ligne] URL : 🤍 Pettit Philip, Penser en société, Paris, PUF, 2004. Pettit Philip, Républicanisme, une théorie de la liberté et du gouvernement, trad. P. Savidan & J-F Spitz, Paris, Gallimard, 2004. Pocock J.G.A., Le Moment machiavélien, trad., par L. Borot. Préface de Jean-Fabien Spitz, PUF, 1997. Skinner Quentin, Les fondements de la politique moderne, trad., par J. Grossman et J-Y. Pouilloux, Albin Michel, 2009. Spitz Jean-Fabien, « Humanisme civique », Dictionnaire de philosophie politique, sous la direction de Philippe Raynaud et Stéphane Rials, PUF, 1996. /En complément sur la chaîne/ Montesquieu - De l'esprit des lois - De Dicto #17 🤍 Sen - Repenser l'inégalité - De Dicto #14 🤍 République = Démocratie ? - Capsule #2 🤍 Rousseau - Du Contrat Social - De Dicto #7 🤍 Arendt - Condition de l'homme moderne 🤍 Machiavel - Le Prince - De Dicto #11 🤍 Le libéralisme politique de John Rawls - Politikon #1 🤍 Le libertarianisme - Politikon #3 🤍 📖 Autopromo : Mon livre sur les idéologies politiques📖 🤍 🎧 Écouter Politikon sur Spotify : 🤍 💰 UTIP : 🤍 🦣 MASTODON : 🤍 ♪ TIKTOK : 🤍 🐦TWITTER : 🤍 🇫 FACEBOOK : 🤍 Une partie des images utilisées provient de Wikimedia Commons. Les musiques sont soit des morceaux tiers libres de droit sans BY soit des compositions originales réalisées par mes soins (générique de début et de fin notamment). Vidéo du générique de début : Video Background 🤍

Why we should choose monarchy | Noah Wiener | TEDxYouth@ISPrague


Unusually for a 21st Century teenager, Noah is a passionate advocate for monarchism. In the modern world, what can a figurehead monarch contribute to society? As Noah argues, a great deal, including stability and non-partisan concern for the welfare of all citizens. Noah gave this talk in his final year of high-school at the International School of Prague. He has lived in Washington DC and New Jersey in the US, and the Czech Republic throughout high school. The three things he loves most are food, dogs, and history, one of which he has been accepted to study at Oxford from the fall of 2018. Unusually for a 21st Century teenager, Noah is a passionate advocate for monarchism. In the modern world, what can a figurehead monarch contribute to society? As Noah argues, a great deal, including stability and non-partisan concern for the welfare of all citizens. Now in his final year of high-school, Noah has lived in Washington DC, New Jersey, and Prague since the start of 9th grade. The three things he loves most are food, dogs, and history, one of which he plans to study at university next year. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at 🤍

Integration and Racism in the French Republic - The University of Manchester


Outreach Lecture Series Podcast Barbara Lebrun The January and November 2015 terrorist attacks in Paris have led to a nationwide re-appraisal of the ‘republican’ values of universalism, humanism and integration, and to the symbolic foregrounding of the term ‘republic/republican’ in official discourse, not least in the naming of the ‘Marche de la République’ on 11 January 2015, led by the Socialist president, and the rebranding of the Conservative party (formerly the UMP) as ‘Les Républicains’ in May. Nonetheless, the last 25 years have also seen a growing criticism of the very notion of republicanism, as different sections of the French population (and some critics abroad) underline the shortcomings of the French Republic as an institution, especially in relation to the economic integration of post-colonial migrants and to the cultural expression of France’s Muslim population. Many, in fact, now argue that the French Republic needs less, rather than more, ‘republicanism’. To contextualise the terms of this debate, this lecture will return to the basics of French national identity by defining republicanism and its core values (humanism, secularism, integration…), and by explaining the challenges to this ideology in the post-colonial context. (recorded 25 November 2015)

What You Don't Hear About France's Muslims


Ah, France. The country of decadent cuisine, fine art and fashion, and the shining example of European democracy. At least, that’s what France in the American imagination looks like. In reality, France’s sterling image neglects its history of colonial violence, never-ending religious repression of Muslims, and racist political rhetoric, on the left and right. In this episode of “Backspace,” host Sana Saeed explores the pitfalls of romanticizing France and suggests how Western media can do a better job framing the country in the context of its inconsistent values and colonial past. Subscribe for more videos: 🤍 Sign up for subtext, our newsletter about the people and movements driving change in our society: 🤍 Follow us on Instagram: 🤍 Like us on Facebook: 🤍 Follow us on Twitter: 🤍 #France #Macron #LePen

Alumni College 2017: Sarah Horowitz's "The Rise of the Third Republic"


Sarah Horowitz, associate professor of history at W&L, presents "The Rise of the Third Republic: Political, Social, and Cultural Contexts." This lecture is part of the Alumni College's summer program, "La Belle Époque: France and the Rise of Modernism."

Modern France (Lecture 1): The French Revolution


HS1605: History of Modern France Lecture 1: The French Revolution This video is for educational purposes only

What Does the French Flag Mean?


The story you've always wanted to know. How did the French flag come into existence, and what does it mean when you look at it? Music: Crunk Knight by Kevin MacLeod Source: 🤍 Artist: 🤍

Why is Spain so unstable? | CNBC Explains


Spain's just had its third election in just over three years. Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez and his socialist party won the most votes but weren't able to secure a majority. This may result in the country facing further political deadlock. So why is Spain's political system so unstable? CNBC's Tom Chitty explains. - Subscribe to us on YouTube: 🤍 Subscribe to CNBC Life on YouTube: 🤍 Like our Facebook page: 🤍 Follow us on Instagram: 🤍 Follow us on Twitter: 🤍 #CNBC #Spain #Politics

The First Political Parties of the US: Federalist vs Democratic Republicans | History with Ms. H


In this lesson, we are going to go over the first two political parties - the #Federalists and #DemocraticRepublicans. To catch the latest History With M video, make sure to subscribe! - 🤍 At the end of the video, you should be able to tell me: Why did political parties start in the US? What did the Federalists believe? What did the Democratic-Republicans believe? A political party is a group of people with similar political goals and opinions. In general, political parties emerge when two or more groups of people have opposing views of government and both want to gain power. To understand why the first two major parties were founded in the United States, we need to go all the way back to Washington’s presidency. When he became president, Washington made sure to fill his cabinet with people who had different opinions so he could make more informed decisions as president. The two most outspoken members of Washington’s cabinet were #ThomasJefferson, Secretary of State, and #AlexanderHamilton, Secretary of the Treasury. Jefferson and Hamilton disagreed on almost everything, and their debates became the foundation for the first two political parties’ ideologies. #GeorgeWashington saw these disagreements becoming more and more heated. In his Farewell Address, Washington warned against creating political parties, which he called “factions.” Alexander Hamilton is considered the founder of the Federalist Party, and John Adams emerged as another party leader. The Federalists favored a strong federal government and a loose construction of the Constitution. This means they believed the #Constitution could be interpreted broadly - the government could do more than just what the Constitution explicitly stated, using the “necessary and proper” clause in Article I to defend their reasoning. Remember, Hamilton used this argument when he defended the creation of the Bank of the United States. The Federalists supported the growth of businesses, and they advocated for a protective tariff. This protected American businesses by making foreign imports more expensive than American-made goods. Finally, they supported alliances with Great Britain and their policies tended to support the wealthy. Federalists found most of their support in the North. Thomas Jefferson, Hamilton’s enemy from Washington’s cabinet, is considered the founder of the Democratic-Republican Party, and James Madison became another early party leader. Unlike Federalists, Democratic-Republicans favored strong state governments over a strong federal government. They believed the powers of the federal government were limited to only what is explicitly stated in the Constitution, or a strict construction of the Constitution. Democratic-Republicans believed the government should happen at a more local level since they could deal with the state's concerns more effectively. Because of this, they supported state banks instead of a national bank. Additionally, Democratic-Republicans supported free trade with Europe and wanted an alliance with France after their support in the American Revolution. Their policies tended to support agriculture and the “every man.” Jefferson believed being a yeoman farmer, or small farmer, was the American ideal. Because of this, most of their support came from the South. Over time, the political parties would evolve, disappear, and new parties would emerge. #Politicalparties have become driving forces in American politics. Do you agree with Washington’s warnings about parties, or do you think parties are an important aspect of our democracy? I look forward to hearing your thoughts next time I see you in class.

France: Revolution, Napoleon and “The Long 19th Century”


Dr. David Shafer, Chair of the CSULB History Department, outlines France from the French Revolution to World War I. Napoleon Bonaparte, the Paris Commune and Victor Hugo’s Les Miserables are covered.

French Royalist Song - Vive Louis XVI


Vive Louis XVI (Long live Louis XVI) is a song from 1789, during the early French Revolution, before its turn to republicanism. The song was used by constitutional monarchists to give praise both to the monarchy, and to the core early ideals of the revolution. Pictured: King Louis XVI

Racism in France: ‘There is no French word for Blackness’


Violence and racism in France’s police force has brought tens of thousands out into the streets to protest in recent weeks. While accusations have been made in the past, last week’s viral video of a black man being beaten in his own studio by officers, coupled with a new law that aims to limit the publication of images depicting police officers has brought a new level of attention to the problem. Mame-Fatou Niang, a professor of French and Francophone studies, gives us her perspective on racism in France. Subscribe to France 24 now: 🤍 FRANCE 24 live news stream: all the latest news 24/7 🤍 Visit our website: 🤍 Subscribe to our YouTube channel: 🤍 Like us on Facebook: 🤍 Follow us on Twitter: 🤍

Why Does France Own Corsica?


Why does France own Corsica anyway? For most of history, the island was inhabited by Italian-speakers, and when the French first showed up, the Republic of Corsica made it clear that it wasn't interested in being a part of France. Later, the Corsicans allied with Britain as they rose up during the French Revolution, but that partnership didn't end up working out for either party. Finally, some Corsicans attempted to join the recently-unified Kingdom of Italy, but again, despite a brief Italian occupation, they ultimately stayed with France. Subscribe for more history: 🤍 Instagram (behind the scenes!): 🤍 More Videos: The Greek and Turkish Cypriots: 🤍 Why Does the Pope Have a Country?: 🤍 The Israeli-Palestinian Dispute: 🤍 The Spanish Civil War: 🤍 Crown/hat artist: 🤍 Music: Danse Macabre - Busy Strings by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (🤍 Source: 🤍 Artist: 🤍

History of France


The first written records for the history of France appeared in the Iron Age. What is now France made up the bulk of the region known to the Romans as Gaul. Greek writers noted the presence of three main ethno-linguistic groups in the area: the Gauls, the Aquitani, and the Belgae. The Gauls, the largest and best attested group, were Celtic people speaking what is known as the Gaulish language. Over the course of the first millennium BC the Greeks, Romans and Carthaginians established colonies on the Mediterranean coast and the offshore islands. The Roman Republic annexed southern Gaul as the province of Gallia Narbonensis in the late 2nd century BC, and Roman Legions under Julius Caesar conquered the rest of Gaul in the Gallic Wars of 58–51 BC. Afterwards a Gallo-Roman culture emerged and Gaul was increasingly integrated into the Roman Empire. In the later stages of the Roman Empire, Gaul was subject to barbarian raids and migration, most importantly by the Germanic Franks. The Frankish king Clovis I united most of Gaul under his rule in the late 5th century, setting the stage for Frankish dominance in the region for hundreds of years. Frankish power reached its fullest extent under Charlemagne. The medieval Kingdom of France emerged from the western part of Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire, known as West Francia, and achieved increasing prominence under the rule of the House of Capet, founded by Hugh Capet in 987. A succession crisis following the death of the last direct Capetian monarch in 1328 led to the series of conflicts known as the Hundred Years' War between the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet. The war formally began in 1337 following Philip VI's attempt to seize the Duchy of Aquitaine from its hereditary holder, Edward III of England, the Plantagenet claimant to the French throne. Despite early Plantagenet victories, including the capture and ransom of John II of France, fortunes turned in favor of the Valois later in the war. Among the notable figures of the war was Joan of Arc, a French peasant girl who led French forces against the English, establishing herself as a national heroine. The war ended with a Valois victory in 1453.

Philosophy of Kemalism


Then & Now: 🤍 Support CaspianReport on Patreon: 🤍 PayPal: 🤍 Bitcoin: 1MwRNXWWqzbmsHova7FMW11zPftVZVUfbU Ether: 0xfE4c310ccb6f52f9D220F25Ce76Dec0493dF9aA0 Bitcoin Cash: 1BKLti4Wq4EK9fsBnYWC91caK7NZfUhNw9 LONDON - Having one foot in Europe and one foot in the Middle-East, Turkey’s geographical and political position in the world means it has a particularly important role to play in the stability of world politics. The country’s steady lean towards the Islamic faith is a story that started roughly a century ago when Turkey was revolutionised under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Soundtrack: Tikopia by Kevin MacLeod ( Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 🤍 Too Cool by Kevin MacLeod ( Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 🤍 Follow CaspianReport on social media. Facebook: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍

Average communism Fan VS Average monarchism Enjoyer


#meme #monarchism #communism i dont know what to say here inspired by 🤍wow_mao sub? -SOCIALS- Follow my Twitter: 🤍 Follow my Twitch: 🤍 Join my Discord: 🤍 Support my work: 🤍 Subscribe to my Archive channel: 🤍

Why King Charles prioritised France and Germany over Commonwealth | Royal Insight


Ahead of King’s Charles' coronation in May, the monarch will aim to maintain and strengthen relationships with EU countries and the commonwealth. Although, it is controversial that the royals have prioritised visiting EU allies as their first overseas trip as monarchs. King Charles has a challenge on his hands to sustain strong relationships with commonwealth countries and realms. The late Queen was known as Queen of the commonwealth and admired and respected for this very reason. As the most well-travelled monarch in history, Queen Elizabeth II has left her son with the issue of winning the hearts of the commonwealth. In March’s Royal Insight episode, Camilla Tominey, Associate Editor at the Telegraph analyses the challenge ahead of the new monarch as head of the commonwealth and the political statement behind prioritising EU countries as his first visit abroad as monarch. #coronation #kingcharles #Germany #france Subscribe to The Telegraph with our special offer: just £1 for 3 months. Start your free trial now: 🤍 Get the latest headlines: 🤍 and are websites of The Telegraph, the UK's best-selling quality daily newspaper providing news and analysis on UK and world events, business, sport, lifestyle and culture.

To indict or not to indict? Donald Trump vs the courts • FRANCE 24 English


If a Manhattan grand jury hands up a criminal indictment against Donald Trump, that will make him the first US president – sitting or former – to face felony charges. #DonaldTrump #Indictment #USJusticeSystem 🔔 Subscribe to France 24 now: 🤍 🔴 LIVE - Watch FRANCE 24 English 24/7 here: 🤍 🌍 Read the latest International News and Top Stories: 🤍 Like us on Facebook: 🤍 Follow us on Twitter: 🤍 Discover the news in pictures on Instagram: 🤍

The Reign of Terror: Part 1 of 2 (French Revolution: Part 7)


🤍 By 1793, the liberal French Revolution of 1789 had become a distant memory, as Jacobins became the dominant political faction. After the execution of Louis XVI, the Committee of Public Safety was formed in order to direct the war effort and to rid France of counter-revolutionary enemies of the people. Maximilien Robespierre During the Reign of Terror, which lasted for just over a year, the guillotine became an instrument of death that killed thousands - most notably Marie Antoinette. Topics Included: Committee of Public Safety, Robespierre, the Guillotine, Death of Marie Antoinette, Edmund Burke This lecture has been split into two parts. The second part will focus on the political purges and the fall of Robespierre. This lecture is chiefly intended for AP European History students, but will be good for World History and Western Civilization courses, as well as lifelong learners. To download the PowerPoint slides for this lecture, visit my website: 🤍 Goat sound recorded by and downloaded via

Contesting American Values - Jonathan Israel


Public Lecture: October 28, 2016 Jonathan Israel, Professor Emeritus, School of Historical Studies Institute for Advanced Study The American Revolution had an enormous, but bitterly divisive impact on European (and Canadian and Latin America) political thought and attitudes. From 1776 began a furious ideological war within the USA over the question of democracy that helped precipitate an even more ferocious conflict between democratic and aristocratic forms of government in Europe. By the 1820s, it seemed that the aristocratic-monarchical system, led by Britain, had finally extinguished "Americanism" everywhere outside the USA. Modern representative democracy survived, as we know–but only just. More videos on 🤍

Flag Friday FRANCE (Geography Now)


Ahhh Revolution after Revolution after Revolution. Do your thing France! SUBSCRIBE: 🤍 BTS info and tidbits? Check out the Facebook fan page: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 Become a patron! Donate anything and Get exclusive behind the scenes footage! All profits go towards helping my dad and his medical costs/ parent's living expenses since they are no longer working and need support. 🤍 WATCH MORE: Countries A to Z: 🤍 Europe: 🤍 - Welcome to Geography Now! This is the first and only Youtube Channel that actively attempts to cover profiles on every single country of the world. We are going to do them alphabetically so be patient if you are waiting for one that's down the road. CONTACT US if you are from a country that is coming up! Teach us! Also we do fan appreciation videos after every group of 4 country videos. If you'd like to take part send us your picture/ art/ video submissions to GeographyLater🤍 (Remember, for videos, you have to State your name, location and sing the intro song!) Stay cool Stay tuned and remember, this is Earth, your home. Learn about it.

What if the Republicans won the Spanish Civil War?


Official Links: Discord Server: 🤍 Twitch: 🤍 2nd channel (mostly as live stream archive and for clips): 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Subreddit (not really in use): 🤍 - Frittenfreund's personal stuff: Twitter: 🤍 Insta: 🤍 - Chapters: 0:00 Intro 1:13 Reasons why they actually lost 1:41 How they win in this TL 7:58 Post Civil War Spain 11:03: Spain in WW2 19:19 Post War Spain / politics of the Spain after WW2 25:13 End of the scenario 25:44 Outro 26:56 End card while I play the Anthem of the Second Spanish Republic "Himno de Riego"

Admit it. Republicans have broken politics.


Neither party is perfect, but Republicans in Congress have been drifting towards political extremism since long before Trump, and they’re making it impossible for Congress to work the way it’s supposed to. Subscribe to our channel! 🤍 Over the past few decades, both Democrats and Republicans in Congress have moved away from the center. But the Republican Party has moved towards the extreme much more quickly a trend that political scientists’ call “asymmetrical polarization.” That asymmetry poses a major obstacle in American politics. As Republicans have become more ideological, they’ve also become less willing to work with Democrats: filibustering Democratic legislation, refusing to consider Democratic appointees, and even shutting down the government in order to force Democrats to give in to their demands. Democrats have responded in turn, becoming more obstructionist as Republican demands become more extreme. And that’s made it really easy for media outlets to blame “both sides” for political gridlock. As political scientists Thomas Mann and Norm Ornstein explain in their book “It’s Even Worse Than It Looks,” journalists feel a pressure to remain neutral when covering big political fights. So politics coverage has been dominated by the myth that both parties are equally to blame for the gridlock in DC. But they’re not. And the only way to stop Republicans in Congress from continuing their drift towards the extreme is to be brutally honest about who’s responsible for breaking our politics. Read more of Ornstein and Mann’s work here: 🤍 On Strikethrough, Vox producer Carlos Maza explores the challenges facing the news media in the age of Trump. Follow Carlos on Facebook for more: 🤍 is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out 🤍. Watch our full video catalog: 🤍 Follow Vox on Facebook: 🤍 Or Twitter: 🤍

What Do Republicans Believe?


» Subscribe to NowThis World: 🤍 To make up for centuries of abuse, the U.S. government gives preferential treatment to Native Americans when it can. A new law allowing them to grow and sell marijuana on reservations may help stimulate revenue, but is it enough? Learn More: Indian Affairs: Why Tribes Exist Today in the United States 🤍 "From 1778 to 1871, the United States' relations with individual American Indian nations indigenous to what is now the U.S. were defined and conducted largely through the treaty-making process." One-In-Four Native Americans and Alaska Natives Are Living in Poverty 🤍 "Native Americans have a higher poverty and unemployment rate when compared with the national average, but the rates are comparable to those of blacks and Hispanics." The Social and Economic Impact of Native American Casinos 🤍 "The negative changes include about a 10 percent increase in auto thefts, larceny, violent crime, and bankruptcy in counties four years after a casino has opened, and an increase in bankruptcies within 50 miles of a new casino." Myths and Stereotypes About Native Americans 🤍 "Most non-Indians don't know a great deal about the first peoples of the Americas, Mr. Fleming avers. But what's worse is that much of what they do "know" is wrong." Affordable Care Act a Hard Sell for Native Americans 🤍 U.S. Department of the Interior: The Federal Trust Doctrine 🤍 American Indian Tribes Free to Grow and Sell Pot - As Long as They Follow Federal Laws 🤍 Watch More: How Many Isolated Tribes Still Exist Today? 🤍 _ NowThis World is dedicated to bringing you topical explainers about the world around you. Each week we’ll be exploring current stories in international news, by examining the facts, providing historical context, and outlining the key players involved. We’ll also highlight powerful countries, ideologies, influential leaders, and ongoing global conflicts that are shaping the current landscape of the international community across the globe today. More from NowThis: » Subscribe to NowThis News: 🤍 » Like NowThis World on Facebook: 🤍 » Tweet 🤍NowThisNews on Twitter: 🤍 » Connect with Judah: Follow 🤍judah_robinson on Twitter – Facebook: 🤍 » Connect with Versha: Follow 🤍versharma on Twitter – Facebook: 🤍 🤍

Robespierre - Architect of Terror Documentary


For early access to our videos, discounted merch and many other exclusive perks please support us via Patreon: 🤍 Buy me a Coffee: 🤍 or Join as a YouTube member: 🤍 The script for this video has been checked with Plagiarism software and scored 2% on Grammarly. In academia, a score of below 15% is considered good or acceptable. All footage, images and music used in People Profiles Documentaries are sourced from free media websites or are purchased with commercial rights from online media archives. Attributions: "Discovery Hit" Kevin MacLeod ( Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License 🤍 "Epic Unease" Kevin MacLeod ( Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License 🤍 "Evening Melodrama" Kevin MacLeod ( Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License 🤍 The Advent Chamber Orchestra with David Parry and Roxana Pavel Goldstein (violins) / CC BY-SA (🤍 The Advent Chamber Orchestra Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart / CC BY-SA (🤍 The Advent Chamber Orchestra Johann Sebastian Bach / CC BY-SA (🤍 Advent Chamber Orchestra with Matthew Ganong on harpsichord / CC BY-SA (🤍 Advent Chamber Orchestra with Stephen Balderston on cello / CC BY-SA (🤍 #Biography #History #Documentary

Political Spectrums Explained — Why is there a left wing and right wing?


Mr. Beat and Mr. Barris explain political spectrums and why the whole left versus right paradigm does more harm than good. Be sure to subscribe to This is Barris! 🤍 Thanks again to Mr. Barris for helping me make this video! Have an idea for a video Mr. Beat should do? Your idea gets picked when you donate on Patreon: 🤍 Donate on Paypal: 🤍 Buy Mr. Beat T-shirts, coffee mugs, etc.: 🤍 Reddit: 🤍 Mr. Beat's band: 🤍 Mr. Beat on Twitter: 🤍 Mr. Beat on Facebook: 🤍 Mr. Beat on Instagram: 🤍 Mr. Beat's Discord server: 🤍 Produced by Matt Beat. All images by Matt Beat, found in the public domain, or used under fair use guidelines. Music by Electric Needle Room (Mr. Beat's band). Electric Needle Room's new children's album, "Just Kidding Around:" Bandcamp: 🤍 Spotify: 🤍 YouTube: 🤍 Apple: 🤍 Amazon: 🤍 #politics #leftwing #rightwing Sources/further reading: 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 What do people mean when they say that they are “right wing” or “left wing” or on The Right or The Left? Well, the whole left vs. right political spectrum started during the French Revolution. For more about this, I’m going to send you to Barris, from the channel This is Barris! So HERE is Barris. Thank you for having me over Mr. Beat! To discover the origins of the left v right paradigm, one must go as far as 1789 with the creation of the National Constituent Assembly, whose main task was to create a constitution. Now, while France is proudly republican today and any trace of royalty has long been guillotined away, that wasn’t always the case and a large portion of the population supported the King, or at least those who represented that population. As such when on November 11th, 1789, the assembly had to vote on whether the constitution would grant the King an absolute veto or a partial veto, those who favored an absolute veto were asked to sit on the right of the President of the Assembly and those who favored a partial veto, which was the more radical position, were asked to sit on the President of the Assembly. This wasn’t done symbolically but… to make the vote count easier for the President of the Assembly who felt a bit overwhelmed by the 1,500 deputies. And just like that, France started this idea of change vs tradition, of liberalism vs conservatism which still shapes the political landscape to this day! It would take another century before the left vs right spectrum became popular outside of France. In the beginning of the 20th century, as revolutions were sprouting across the world, the press and academics needed a quick way to categorize the different ideologies that were fighting each other, especially as these ideologies, both left and right, became increasingly radical. For example, the Bolsheviks, who loved anything related to the French revolution, immediately embraced the leftwing v rightwing spectrum but used themselves as the center. In England, however, it took longer to become popular and books only started referencing it in the late 1920s. Adoption in the US was just as slow but eventually, as partisanship increased in the 1960s during the civil rights movement, the idea of a left vs right political spectrum cemented along the beliefs of both parties. Well, often the political spectrum looks something like this. On the left side of politics, you tend to see ideas like liberty, equality (aka egalitarianism), progress, and internationalism. On the right side of politics, you tend to see ideas like authority, hierarchy, tradition, and nationalism. On the left, you often see reform, while on the right, you often see reaction. Those on the left tend to want MORE government involvement to make society better. They want it more top down, while those on the right tend to want LESS government involvement to make society better. They want it bottom up. Ideas on the left are often called “liberal” and ideas on the right are often called “conservative.”

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